Antibiotics are the most frequently prescribed medication for pets, but they also happen to be the most frequently misused drugs. It is important to know how these can possibly impact your pet’s health, and how to combat these issues.
Antibiotic resistance has been evidenced in humans, and very likely in pets as well. Antibiotic is a type of anti-microbial substance against bacteria and what antibiotic resistance is, is that the germs and bacteria in the body are not killed and continue to grow. This makes bacterial infection more difficult to treat. Antibiotic resistance is a common result of antibiotics being over-prescribed, abused or used in instances when it should not. Improper amount of dosage is another reason leading to resistance.
Vets avoid this by prescribing the appropriate dosage and recommending the right treatment length. It is important to adhere strictly to the prescribed course of medication even when your pet appears to be feeling better.
Lethargy and Nausea
Consuming antibiotics may cause pets to feel lethargic and nausea. They might even have a loss in appetite. Despite this, it is crucial that your pet continues eating for energy needed to combat the infection and repair damaged cells. If they refuse food, do not force feed; wait a few hours before offering the food again, or serve in smaller portions.
Antibiotics may cause vomiting and diarrhea, which happens within 1 – 2 days of starting on the course of antibiotics. This may occur if the antibiotics or dosage is not suitable for your pet. Giving food with antibiotics helps to reduce the risk of gastrointestinal upset.
Other common side effects include allergic reactions, such as skin irritations or difficulty breathing, and digestive issues due to microbiome imbalance from the introduction of antibiotics into the body.
Signs of allergy can range from mild to severe and may occur either immediately after taking the antibiotics or later on. Should you notice your pet having trouble breathing, bring them to the nearest vet immediately.
Using Antibiotics Responsibly
- Use antibiotics only when needed, and adhere strictly to your veterinarian’s instructions
- Give antibiotics in the proper dosage at the proper interval
- Look out for any side effects when your pet is on antibiotics
- Know if they should be given with or without food
- Do not use them on a long-term basis